Where the Women Are Not: Alone in Higher Education.

For most of my educational life, I didn’t give much thought to how my experience might differ from that of the males in my class. In high school, my honors and AP classes all had a lot of girls. Outside of that group, it sometimes felt like boys were intimidated by smart girls. That was their problem and not mine.

There are more women going to college and graduating from college every year at all levels from undergraduate to doctoral programs. Women are certainly taking every opportunity to become better educated and more successful. Yet, that was not my experience. I imagine that the world I face was more similar to the university life around 1900 than the typical female university experience in the year 2000. I was definitely in the minority, and everyone was not happy to have me in the classroom.

Physical science majors (physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy) are about 25% female. None of those women were in my physics classes. I literally never saw another girl in an upper-level physics class. In the year that I graduated, my class was three boys and me. I was the 25%. Yet, no other girls had graduated from the geophysics program before me, and none graduated after me. So, the 25% can be deceiving. In fact, I was alone. My experience was that scientists are pretty open-minded. Everyone thought it was cool that I liked what they liked, and nobody ever made it seem like I shouldn’t be there. Sure, it got a little weird when all the physics Ph.D. students thought I should be their girlfriend because I liked physics and was nice to them. Other than that, I never had a problem.

I didn’t run into many women in my classes or as my professors, but that didn’t bother me. I was friends with the guys in my major, and the lack of women never made me feel like I didn’t belong there. I had one female professor in my major classes. She didn’t champion me with a “girl power” talk or really encourage me in any way. She was just there doing her own thing, and I’m not even sure that she liked me all that much. So, there was no female mentoring. I came to depend on getting support and advice from men, including a great advisor.

In the end, I switched fields and switched careers in graduate school. It had to do with the career path I was on and my realization my senior year that I would not emotionally survive a doctoral program in geophysics. I ended up in a doctoral finance program. Women in 2014 made up 42.3% of business doctoral graduates. Those women, however, are mostly in fields such as management and marketing. They are not in finance. Women were 27.7% of the doctoral degrees awarded in finance in 2014. Once again, I find myself in the 25%. I was the only female admitted in the year I started, but since people hang around for several years, I did get to know other women getting doctoral finance degrees. The university usually graduated one woman per year with a finance Ph.D., which meant there were about 4 of us there at any point in time. Half of them were Chinese students. If you want to be a minority in your field, be a white woman in finance. Even worse? Be a black woman in finance. They are almost non-existent.

Business Doctorate Recipients, 2014

I didn’t have a single female professor in graduate school. Maybe that was part of the reason some of the male professors were less than welcoming of women in their classes. This was the first time in my life when I ever experienced harassment and a clear message that the male professors didn’t want me there. There were two in particular who targeted me for their attacks. Luckily, I had a great advisor and enough of an attitude to be unbothered even then. I survived and thrived, which I am sure bothers them to this day. I didn’t have a female role model or mentor in my career because they just didn’t exist. Instead, my mentors and colleagues have been men who respect me and look out for me. Sure, there are times when it would have been helpful to have another woman in my corner. Finding people who you trust, however, should always come before anything else.

 

 

 

Five Clever Ways to Save on Back-to-School

clever ways to save on back to school

 

It was weird to see so many first day of school pictures online this morning, but kids around here go back to school this week. Every time I think about this time of the year, I feel a little sick. Not only does it mean my summer break is over, but it also reminds me of the stress and expense of that enormous shopping list. Even though our school supply list is now minimal, I thought I would share some clever ideas for school savings that I’ve discovered along the way.

 

  1. If your child wears basic uniform attire that you don’t need to purchase from a specific store, try to hold off from buying too much right now. A lot of stores are going to have uniform items on sale a couple of weeks after school starts, and you’ll be able to stock up for the rest of the year. Pick up a size larger too if your child is growing like a weed. You’ll be glad you did when you need it and have to pay full price later in the year.
  2. Make a list and check prices and availability across a variety of stores. Get your friends involved and share information with them. If you grab the class supply list and three friends, you can each price check one store and compare. Now you are all getting the best deals.
  3. Don’t forget about quality. You are not really saving money if you buy the 5 cent folders that rip to shreds after the first week of school. The same is true for polo shirts that pill or get holes. Don’t go overboard though. My son used to manage to get holes in the knees of pants even though I got him the good Lands End pants with iron knees. Eventually, I just made him wear shorts. Also, I decided not to spend $35 on those pants when he tore them up at the same rate as a less expensive pair.
  4. Look for coupon savings available through apps like Ibotta or Target Cartwheel in addition to the store’s advertised sales.
  5. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. If last year’s clothes, shoes, or gear still fits, God bless you. Make use of those things at the start of school and look into getting something new when back-to-school goes on sale. A new backpack also makes a good birthday or Christmas gift.

 

Bonus Savings Tip: Stay at home. I used to dread back-to-school time. New backpacks, uniforms, sneakers, lunch boxes, loads of expensive school supplies, deposits on back-to-school activities, soccer shoes, tap shoes, ballet shoes, jazz shoes, soccer uniforms, and leotards. Back-to-school could easily run over $1000 for two kids. Plus, the stress of needing to find that exact pencil case or risk being chastised by the teacher. None of that. We are starting our homeschool year next week, and back-to-school has cost me less than $50. I buy things through the year when they are on sale, find a lot of free material online, and choose products that we can use for a long time. I’ve learned to be a lot more efficient over time. I’m not really suggesting that you homeschool just to save money, but it is just one of the many benefits.

Six Ways College Students Break Their Budgets

way college students break budget manage money

 

School supplies are hitting the shelves, and that means a new school year is just about one month away. College students head back to start their fall classes in August, so it’s time to focus on money management in college. Parents, if you are sending your children off to college, make sure they have the financial skills to get started on their own. College students, you need to read this! How many of these mistakes have you already made?

 

  1. The first way to break your budget is by not having a budget at all! So, take the time to make yourself a monthly budget. Consider the income you will get from financial aid, employment, and family. Estimate your monthly expenses for rent, food, and other bills. Make sure you have enough income to pay for all of these expenses. Don’t forget to leave a little padding in your monthly budget for the unexpected trip or opportunity. Try one of these budgeting apps to help.
  2. Grabbing a quick bite to eat or jolt of caffeine in between classes adds up over time. Grabbing a drink and snack at Starbucks can easily cost $10. Get in that habit three times a week, and you’ve spent $30. At the end of the month, you’ve spent $120. Pack some healthy snacks from home in your bag. Carry a refillable water bottle and try bringing coffee from home in a travel cup when possible.
  3. Consider the cost per meal of a meal plan. If you live on campus, you are stuck with the meal plan. You should have a choice, however, about how that meal plan is structured. Typically, you can choose a combination of meals and points or dining dollars. Look at the cost per meal of the plan and how many times you really eat in the dining hall. If you don’t use all of those meals each week, you’ll probably be better off with the dining dollars or points. If you do this, however, make sure to budget and keep track of this money so you are not left starving with a month left in the semester.
  4. Even social events need a budget. One of the great parts of the college experience is going out and having fun with new people. Going out, however, is expensive. Buying a new pair of shoes or jeans to go out adds to that expense. Unless your parents are giving you their credit card and an unlimited budget, you need to think about the cost of going out. Limit the number of days you go out (also a great plan since you need to study!), find things to do that don’t require spending money (Netflix and chill slumber party), and try shopping in a friend’s closet.
  5. While on the subject of social activities, be careful not to get involved with too many campus activities. There are so many new activities and groups to explore on campus, but they usually involve paying a fee for membership dues or group activities. Over the course of a year, these activity fees and expenses can add up to several hundred extra dollars that were not in your budget. All of these activities can really take away from your study time too. Limit yourself to one or two groups for at least the first year of college.
  6. Think about whether you really need to bring your car with you. Parking spots on campus can be very expensive, and many universities make you park your car a mile away from campus anyway. So, having a car can be both expensive and inconvenient. If your campus is part of a town or urban area, a car might not be necessary. Explore and consider the other transportation options before you decide to pack up your car. I went to college in Newark, Delaware and did not have my car with me until my final semester. The campus and town were very walkable, and trains and buses were available when we needed to get out of town. Plus, Uber is available in more locations all the time and makes it much easier to get around without your own car as needed.